WHAT ARE COOKIES?
Cookies and other similar technologies, such as local shared objects, flash cookies or pixels, are tools used by web servers to store and retrieve information about their visitors, as well as to ensure the proper functioning of the site.
TYPES OF COOKIES
Types of cookies based on their management:
• First-party cookies: These cookies are sent to the user’s device from a device or domain controlled by the website owner, which the user has requested a service from.
• Third-party cookies: These cookies are sent to the user’s device from a device or domain that is not controlled by the website owner but by another entity that processes data obtained through cookies. In cases where cookies are installed from a device or domain controlled by the website owner, but the data collected through them is managed by a third party, they are also considered third-party cookies.
Types of cookies based on their purpose:
• Technical cookies: These cookies enable users to navigate through a website, platform or application and use the different options or services available, including those that the editor uses to enable the management and operation of the website and its functions and services. For example, controlling traffic and data communication, identifying the session, accessing restricted access sections, remembering the items that make up an order, completing the purchase process of an order, managing payment, controlling fraud related to the security of the service, making a registration or participation request in an event, counting visits for the purpose of software licence billing for the service (website, platform or application), using security elements during browsing, storing content for video or sound dissemination, enabling dynamic content (e.g., loading animation of text or image) or sharing content through social networks. Also belonging to this category, due to their technical nature, are those cookies that allow for the most effective management of advertising spaces that the editor has included on a website, application or platform as part of the design or “layout” of the service offered to the user, based on criteria such as edited content, without collecting user information for different purposes, such as personalising this advertising content or other content.
• Preference or customisation cookies: These cookies allow for the remembering of information so that users can access the service with certain characteristics that may differentiate their experience from that of other users, such as language, the number of search results to display when the user performs a search, the appearance or content of the service based on the type of browser through which the user accesses the service or the region from which they access the service, etc.
• Analysis or measurement cookies: These cookies enable the responsible party to track and analyse user behaviour on the linked websites, including measuring the impact of advertisements. The information collected through these cookies is used to measure activity on websites, applications or platforms and make improvements based on the analysis of user data.
• Behavioural advertising cookies: These cookies facilitate the effective management of advertising spaces on the website. They store information about user behaviour obtained through continuous observation of their browsing habits, allowing the development of specific user profiles for targeted advertising. • Geolocation cookies: These cookies are used to determine the location of a user when they request a service. They are anonymous and can provide relevant information based on the user’s country, for example. Types of cookies based on duration:
• Session cookies: These cookies are designed to collect and store data while the user is accessing a website. They are typically used to store information that is only needed for the duration of a single session, such as a list of purchased products. Session cookies are deleted at the end of the session.
• Persistent cookies: These cookies store data that remains on the user’s device and can be accessed and processed for a specified period determined by the party responsible for the cookie, which can vary from a few minutes to several years.
COOKIES USED ON OUR WEBSITE
• PHPSESSID: This is a technical and strictly necessary cookie that contains the session identifier. It is deleted when the browser is closed.
• _lang: This is a technical and strictly necessary cookie that contains the language of the session. It is deleted when the browser is closed.
• ac_cookies: This is a technical and strictly necessary cookie that stores the value of whether the installation of cookies has been accepted. It expires after 1 year from the last update.
• _ga: This is a Google Analytics Universal cookie that enables the unique visits control feature. When a user visits the website for the first time through a browser, this cookie is installed. If the user returns to the website using the same browser, the cookie will recognise them as the same user. Only if the user changes browsers will they be considered a different user. It expires after 2 years from the last update. More information about the processing carried out by Google Analytics can be found here.
• _gat: This cookie is associated with Google Analytics. It is used to limit the speed of requests, limiting data collection on high-traffic sites. It expires after 10 minutes.
• _gid: This cookie is associated with Google Analytics. It is used to distinguish users. It expires after 24 hours.
HOW TO DELETE COOKIES IN BROWSERS?
Users can allow, block or delete cookies installed on their device at any time by modifying the settings of the browser installed on their computer:
• Chrome: Settings -> Show advanced options -> Privacy -> Content settings. For more information, you can consult Google’s support or the browser’s Help.
• Internet Explorer: Tools -> Internet options -> Privacy -> Settings. For more information, you can consult Microsoft’s support or the browser’s Help.
• Firefox: Tools -> Options -> Privacy -> History -> Custom Settings. For more information, you can consult Mozilla’s support or the browser’s Help.
• Safari: Preferences -> Security. For more information, you can consult Apple’s support or the browser’s Help. Disabling cookies does not prevent browsing the website, although it may limit the use of some services, resulting in a potentially less satisfactory browsing experience.